The bustling Minsk city center at night.

Minsk is a very clean and well-planned out city, an example of what countries under the control of the Soviet Union may have looked like in modern day times had world events turned out differently. Unlike other former Soviet states, though, Belarus has not been so quick to throw the past into the dumpster of history, something I view as positive. An example is the very imposing statue of Lenin that dominates Independence Square, an attraction I’d recommend visiting.

My visit to Minsk was timely as there is growing movement in America to revisit the past under the guise of current moral beliefs and popular opinion. I’ve been hesitant about the fervor in America to slowly tear away parts of history by removing statues or diminishing the achievement of individuals solely because other groups were not represented. This has seeped into popular culture as well with the decision to pull the Michael Jackson episode from the Simpsons.

Getting back to Belarus, those interested in the history of the Soviet Union should definitely pay a visit in order to witness a country with one foot in the present and the other in the past. It’s also a relatively inexpensive destination for Western Europeans who wish to try something off the beaten path, especially considering visit limitations have been bumped to 30 days for non-residents.

Travelling to Minsk – Do I Need a Visa to Enter Belarus?

You no longer need a visa to visit Belarus if you hold a passport from the 74 countries which the Ministry of Foreign Affairs have approved for a 30 day visa free visit. As far as planning your visit goes, note that there is a single airport in Minsk, which is the Minsk National Airport (MSQ).

Before exiting the aiport you’ll need to go through passport control, so make sure to have your arrival card filled out beforehand, otherwise you’ll be sent to the back of the line. This tip comes from personal experience, so I hope it will save you some time 🙂 It’s also worth noting that before you are allowed to enter Minsk, you must purchase medical insurance, one of the scariest words for an American to hear, but in this part of the world it only costs $5!

As far as entering the country goes, I’ve found the passport control in Belarus to be one of the most thorough in the countries I’ve visited so far. On both arrival and departure, the agent flipped through my passport several times, and also inspected it very carefully with a special magnifying glass. This level of scrutiny was so intense that I had the feeling that somehow I was guilty of some crime!

After exiting the airport, I’d advise you to pick up a sim card if you don’t have a roaming plan that covers Belarus. Sim cards in Belarus are very inexpensive and the 10 minutes or so it will take to get one at the airport will be well worth the luxury of unlimited Internet during your stay. The Minsk National Airport is relatively small so if you walk along the main exit corridor you will most likely see a kiosk for life : ) which is the carrier I used during my several visits to Belarus. Note that the smiley face for this mobile carrier is actually part of the company name and not my own edit as you’ll see if you visit their website.

Beware of Local Taxi Cab Drivers in Minsk

A warning I’ll make that applies to nearly all countries in Eastern Europe is to avoid local taxi drivers like the plague!! They are CROOKS, plain and simple. I will gladly welcome the day that taxi apps force all local drivers to charge the fair, market price. The reason I make this warning is that these local drivers will assume you are a rich foreigner, who they can fleece money from. The local taxi drivers in all parts of Eastern Europe take advantage of the fact that tourists most likely don’t know the local prices and will have no problem driving without the meter running so when you finally arrive at your destination, you’ll be faced with a fare that is 10 or 20 times the market price.

My advice is to pick up a sim card at the airport as I’ve previously suggested and hail a taxi using the local operator, Yandex where you will pay a fair price. In the event that you have no choice but to hire a local driver, ask them the price up front and write it down on a piece of paper, making sure to confirm the fare in either US Dollars vs Belorussian rubles. This is important because another trick the cab drivers employ is to quote the ride in US dollars or Euro, not rubles.

The Cuisine of Belarus

This protein rich dish is an example of the type of cuisine typically found in Minsk.

It was a little difficult to find restaurants explicitly serving Belarussian cuisine during my time in Minsk, most likely because I didn’t know any locals when I visited. There are some great local restaurants though, which would be 5 star dining establishments in America based on the service and appearance but at the price of a dinner at Chili’s 🙂

If you’ve ever been exposed to the type of cuisine popular during Soviet times, you’ll see that for the most part, the majority of the food options found in Minsk is standard fare for this part of the world: meat, vegetables, soups, and starches. Other blogs can most likely detail the nuances of Soviet-era food better than myself so I’ll leave it to them.

Nevertheless, here are a few restaurants I enjoyed visiting during my time in Minsk:

Recommended Restaurants in Minsk, Belarus

A lovely appetizer at restaurant Drozdy Club. Note that I drink beer with just about everything as my stomach will clearly point out 🙂

Restaurant Drozdy Club – Drozdy Club serves standard Soviet Union type fare, so you’ll have your choice of soups, meat, and vegetables. The layout of the restaurant itself is rather ornate as evidenced in the photos you’ll see on the website. Wait staff were quite good and attentive for what you’d expect in this part of the world. I went here for an early dinner during one visit, which I enjoyed thoroughly. As a final thought, if you visit during the day, you can talk a nice walk afterwards along the Drozdy Resevrior.

Chaihana Lounge Cafe – This restaurant primarily serves food from Georgia and Uzbekistan. Having been exposed to a fair amount of Georgian food, which I highly recommend to those who haven’t tried it, I opted for the Uzbeki options. As scary as the word might sound to a foreigner, the main Uzbeki cuisine consists of grilled meat and vegetables usually served with rice – not as exotic as you may expect. If you wish to try something off the beaten path then I’ll think you’ll enjoy the the Chaihana Lounge Cafe, which had a very brightly colored interior and was quite a relaxing venue to enjoy a meal.

Cafe Mensk – Located in Independence Square, very close to the Lenin Statue, this is an excellent restaurant to visit if you’d like to experience what eating establishments were like during the times of the Soviet Union. Despite the name, you’ll find a variety of very basic Soviet Union style food served in a single line, buffet format. After selecting your desired items, you immediately pay and then find a place to sit, kind of a like a high school cafeteria. From a foreigner’s perspective, I truly appreciated both the environment and choice of cuisine, which were very new experiences for me.

What is There to do in Minsk?

The Lenin Statue dominates the vast openness of Independence Square, a sight any student of Soviet Union history should definitely see once in their lives.

I’ve mentioned already but it’s worth repeating that Minsk is an excellent example of what a fully planned, state run country looks like. I’d suggest taking the metro or hail a taxi in order to fully understand the layout of the city. The best way I can describe Minsk is like a disc, with the city center being in the very middle. As you head away from the center, you’ll slowly encounter less of the city attractions and more of the suburbs.

Minsk has the luxury of being a less concentrated city in terms of population density, making it easier to maintain a cleanly apperance. Unlike Chisnau or Kiev, most of the buildings here, even the older ones, are kept up quite nicely. In addition, I found the streets and underground passages to be impeccably clean. The metro system was as efficient as the streets were tidy, with buses and the underground running quite often and on time. Although sad to admit, and I’ll sound like Bernie Sanders here, but the subway terminal in Minsk is far cleaner and presentable than what you’d find in New York City.

A KFC juxtaposed with a Soviet Era propaganda piece is a visual example of the balance between past and present you’ll find in Minsk.

Most tourists travelling to Minsk for the first time will no doubt visit the city center. Similar to most Eastern and Central European cities, the city center of Minsk will consist of a hodge podge of pre-Cold War architecture, modern shops, and communist style government buildings. The culmination of this historical pot luck is the KFC restaurant. Directly above the KFC is a massive stone mural from the Soviet Era, depicting worker solidarity in the form of indistinct looking masses. The juxtaposition of Soviet propaganda with Western capitalism in the form of KFC best summarizes my interpretation of how Belarus functions in the 21st century.

In addition to the sights of the center, visitors will have the opportunity of taking in several beautiful churches which are in walking distance of any part of the city. Most of the site seeing opportunities happen within the city center and around it.

A memorial to Lenin found in the Minsk Underground. If you look carefully you’ll see his nose appears to be yellow, which is not by design, rather due to the fact that locals have rubbed his nose for good luck to such an extent that it has exposed the underlying material of the monument.

Some Recommended Attractions

“Na Nyamihe” Shopping Center – Located in the city center, here you’ll find an arcade of local Belorussian shops and stores. What makes visiting this shopping center interesting is that it hasn’t appeared to change much since the time of the Soviet Union, offering visitors the opportunity to check out some Cold War style architectural relics.

Ploshcha Lyenina Metro Station – This is the main metro station found in the city center and located very close to Independence Square. Those who want to witness remnants of the Soviet Union will find the Lenin sculpture featured above as well as a a very prominent sickle and hammer display located in the waiting area between the train tracks.

Saint Simon and Helena Church – If you manage to make it to the city center then it’s just about impossible not to come across this impressive church. There are other sights to see here as well such as the Holy Trinity Church so I’d suggest walking around this area to fully appreciate all that the city center of Minsk has to offer.

Zamok Shopping Mall – There is nothing out of the ordinary for this shopping mall as it will offer all the shops and restaurants you’d find throughout Europe. It’s worth notating that the bottom floor has a local grocery store making it possible to stock up on some essentials.

Belarusian State Museum of the History of the Great Patriotic War – The verbose name is one of the many examples of Soviet style influence on Belarus. Trust me, the museum lives up to the name as you’ll have the opportunity to witness first hand the outcome of World War II from the eyes of Belorussian historians.

Victory Park – Located close to the Patriotic War Museum, I’d highly recommend taking a walk in the fall or summer as the park is very serene and peaceful.

Casinos and Gambling in Minsk

Because gambling has been outlawed in neighboring Russia and also Ukraine, Minsk boasts many casinos which are scattered throughout the city, something you’ll be constantly reminded of on your drive in from the airport. For those in my audience who are from America or have visited Las Vegas, I’ll save you the disappointment as you won’t find anything like it in Minsk. The casinos I visited had very ornate interiors which ended up being the highlight of the establishment; upon entering them, however, you’ll observe that both the quality and atmosphere diminish considerably.

Furthermore, a casino in Minsk will offer none of the perks or excitement you may find in Vegas. Instead, you’ll experience all the trappings that you’d expect of a Soviet-style casino. Because smoking is not strictly prohibited in most venues, you’ll have to deal with a haze of cheap cigarettes with the subtle smell of vodka and cognac on the breath of most of the visitors.

You may find live music in some establishments but prepare for additional disappointment as it will mostly consist of American pop songs sung in thick Slavic accents. Don’t expect free drinks or VIP treatment you’d expect in Vegas, rather the typical restaurant service you’d find throughout the city.

As for the games themselves, you’ll find the standard roulette, blackjack and craps tables along with slot machines. Unlike American casinos, which tend to be dominated by rows of electronic slot machines, there is more of a balance between live games and slot machines in Minsk. I’m a poker player myself but had difficulty finding many casinos that hosted live games. Being persistent, I was ultimately able to play poker at a couple places but the effort wasn’t worth it. In my view, there are far more interesting attractions in Minsk than poker. If gambling is your thing, you’ll no doubt find it Minsk but don’t expect anything near what you’d experience in Vegas or Macao.

Random Thoughts & Information Pertaining to Minsk, Belarus

Minsk is a very safe city if you keep to yourself. As a general travel tip, you can pick a fight in Belarus just as easily as you could in your local pub or bar. I’ll emphasize, though, that Belarus is not a country where you should even consider making trouble. Minsk is incredibly accommodating to visitors who obey the rules, however, penalties can be quite harsh for those that try to skirt or outright disobey them. Misdemeanor type acts such as public intoxication, jaywalking or urination on a public building are more strictly enforced in Minsk and could even result in a short jail period. In short, one should be on their best behavior when visiting Minsk.

As a final thought on this point, you should always keep your medical insurance packet and proof of stay with you. From my perspective it would be a rare occurrence, but if you were ever approached by authorities, even for innocuous reasons, they will ask to see your documentation. Should you not be able to produce anything, you may have to pay a small penalty.

Lost in Translation – Navigating Language Challenges in Minsk

Although the native language of Belarus is not Russian, rather Belorussian, all advertisements, signs, and notices were in Russian throughout the city. In fact, the only time I even saw something in Belorussian was on the language menu of ATM. If you know Russian you’ll be fine here as it is the spoken language for all commercial transactions and conversation. Then again, if you are a native Russian speaker, then you probably already knew this fact about Minsk 🙂

For those who don’t speak Russian, just bear in mind that your experience will be slightly limited as not everyone in Belarus speaks English fluently. You can probably get by with Google Translate but it won’t be the best experience. For example, most restaurants won’t have a menu in English so be prepared to have a crash course in Russian. Alternatively, you can employ my tactic of simply pointing to a random set of words on the menu and see what happens!

As far as the language factor goes, this is not to say you cannot enjoy yourself in Minsk, just bear in mind that language will be a limiting factor on your stay. At a minimum I’d suggest learning a few basic Russian phrases, which will make the experience more enjoyable. Another idea is to befriend someone from Belarus. I’ve always had a far more unique and fulfilling travel experience when I have a local to guide me.

The Local Currency, Exchanging Money, and the Average Prices in Minsk

The currency used in Belarus, the Belorussian ruble (BNY), is roughly double the value of a US dollar at current exchange rates. I strongly recommend avoiding the airport or hotel money exchanges, where rates are jacked up to take advantage of visitors not familiar with the country. Instead, go to a local ATM and withdraw funds there. Most likely your bank will charge a small fee but it should pale in comparison to the inflated exchange rate you’ll pay at an airport. Note that when withdrawing money from the ATM, it’s wise to always request the funds in the local currency so you are not taken advantage of by the bank, which often charges an inflated exchange rate as well.

Finally, I’d recommend exchanging out most of your money when you are getting ready to leave Belarus or when you are near the end of your visit. Although neighboring countries will most likely exhange your rubles, most exchange houses and banks in Western Europe won’t accept them, so it’s better to part with any remaining money prior to leaving Minsk.

One advantage in travelling to Minsk is that prices for food, lodging, and basic amenities are roughly 40% less compared to what you’d pay for in Western Europe. A standard dinner with an alcoholic beverage and dessert won’t set you back more than 25€ at most; a single night stay at some of the nicest hotels in Minsk shouldn’t cost more than 75€ to 100€ a night.

The myriad colors of autumn are great to take in during a stroll along Minsk’s Victory Park.

Final Thoughts About Travelling to Minsk, Belarus

Due to its cleanliness, affordability, and overall comfort, Minsk is one of my favorite cities in Eastern Europe to visit when I wish to relax. Because Minsk is very well planned out, yet not as population dense as neighboring cities like Kiev or Chisinau, I truly appreciated the feeling of order and overall layout of the city, which has indeed charmed me over the years. As I’ve previously alluded to, if you wish to explore a city off the beaten path that won’t burn a hole in your pocket, then you should definitely check out Minsk!